Exploring the role of reflection in musical learning of performance undergraduates
My suggestion is that by examining and reflecting on the creative process we will be unravelling but not destroying the mystery. The definition of musical learning suggested above is posited by the lead researcher , but is not a part of the performance module materials, or the published curriculum or reading lists. As the name suggests, a Reflective Report is a piece of writing essay sample outline that summarises a student’s critical reflection on a subject. While traditional academic writing discourages first-person accounts, Reflective Reports rely on them. Reflective Reports are frequently used as part of the assessment of practical projects. In group projects, individual Reflective Reports can document each student’s own contribution to the collective work.
- You will now be close to preparing your work for assessment, so you should discuss your redrafting process – what you’ve changed and why – and also demonstrate your engagement with your tutor’s feedback.
- Analyse the event by thinking in depth from different perspectives.
- Schön recognises the importance of reflecting back ‘in order to discover how our knowing-in-action may have contributed to an unexpected outcome’ (Schön, 1983).
- Connect theoretical knowledge from your course to the practical work you undertook.
- Others draw on the two most familiar reflective theorists, Kolb and Gibbs, to provide them with insights into the process.
- Also, I took a slightly different approach to sections that I struggled with, taking a bar at a time and repeating it over and over again to get it into muscle memory.
- Reflection is a systematic reviewing process for all teachers which allows you to make links from one experience to the next, making sure your students make maximum progress.
When you reflect on a piece of work, you are open to many alternative possibilities in its construction, argument, expression and presentation. To lead to change, reflecting on a past event depends on the awareness of a problem and thinking about ways to address it. As a result, we can identify ways to improve our academic skills, improve our study habits and gain greater insight into topics we are studying. You will produce a balance by weaving together sections of ‘I thought… ‘I felt,…’ and the relevant academic theories in the same section or paragraph. This is more effective than having a section which deals with the theory and a separate section dealing with your experiences. Discuss your reflections with others to deepen your insight, improve your ability to express your ideas and help to explore a range of perspectives. Download this page as a PDF for your reflective writing notes and to use our vocabulary aid.
thoughts on Writing a good reflective commentary
The first is formal, objective, topic focused – in this case the topic is cats – and referenced. You’ll find plenty of courses to choose from, historic how to write commentary for an essay campuses, and fellow students from more than 150 countries. Write about the key moments in your life that led to your choice of subject at university.
- The remaining 70% of marks are generated from assessed performance.
- My suggestion is that by examining and reflecting on the creative process we will be unravelling but not destroying the mystery.
- In conclusion, we would suggest that there is much to be gained from adopting a wider definition for musical learning, supported by practice diaries, reflective writing and performance.
- The uncertainty (tacit knowledge or writer-knowledge as it has been termed earlier in this discussion) pertains especially in the early stages of the creative process , but by these descriptions it is not confined to that stage.
- Feelings & Evaluationfeatured some analysis and sources (see in-text citations).
Active Experimentation is thinking about what you learned from your reflection and conceptualisation and planning how you might do it differently next time. Now that you have a better idea of what reflective writing is and how it can be used it’s time to practice some techniques. You can see some useful examples of reflective writing in academia from Monash University,UNSW and Sage. Several of these examples also include feedback from tutors which you can use to inform your own work. Writing reflectively involves critically analysing an experience, recording how it has impacted you and what you plan to do with your new knowledge.
Figure 1 above shows percentages for the three most frequently cited themes. Comments on technique are generally linked to students’ descriptions of one-to-one tuition. Insight is used for self-reported instances of practice behaviour in which the student goes beyond narrative description to identify what change can be made to a practice routine. Targets relate to descriptions of specific practice or performance goals. Taken together, these three themes link back to the model suggested for musical learning as all these behaviours could be considered to be part of problem solving. Furthermore, when there is a need to write a reflective essay for summative assessment, it would seem that students make more effort to keep their practice diaries. We believe that this combination of practice diary, assessed reflective essay and assessed performance may be unique for music performance modules at UK universities.
- Consequently, the perception of unfairness impacted on our interactions.
- I play the devil’s advocate with people to see if they can notice the whole picture of a news story instead of just seeing it as one person in small town USA.
- Discuss your reflections with others to deepen your insight, improve your ability to express your ideas and help to explore a range of perspectives.
- However, most assignments containing reflective writing will also include academic writing.
These changes can be as simple as varying a small activity or as adventurous as changing your whole approach or plan. In Gibbs’ model the first three sections are concerned with what happened. The final three sections relate to making sense of the experience and how you, as the teacher, can improve on the situation. They should now understand what they need to improve on and have some ideas on how to do this based on their wider research. This section is where the practitioner makes sense of the experience.
List of sources for quotes from students Names have not been given to protect the identity of participants
They will often record this in some way such as in a lab book and this questioning approach is a form of reflective writing. The key to reflective writing is to be analytical rather than descriptive. Always ask why rather than just describing what happened during an experience. Shared planning is where you draw on support from colleagues to plan lessons together. You essay hook types draw on each other’s best practice to help create innovative and improved lessons. Once you have set the specific focus or target area, a colleague will watch you deliver the lesson and give feedback on the strengths of your practice or some possible ideas for development. These observations could also be carried out over a block of lessons to show progression.
Your written reflection will also serve as a source of reference and evidence in the future. The purpose of reflective writing is to help you learn from a particular practical experience. It will help you to make connections between what you are taught in theory and what you need to do in practice. This page has given you an understanding of what reflective writing is and where it can be used in both work and study. Now that you have a better idea of how reflective writing works the next two pages will guide you through some activities you can use to get started. Many students will be asked to include some form of reflection in an academic assignment, for example when relating a topic to their real life circumstances. They are also often asked to think about their opinion on or reactions to texts and other research and write about this in their own work.
Reflective writing: analysis
It allows you to be responsible and resourceful, drawing on your own knowledge and allowing you to apply it to new experiences. It also allows for personalised learning as, rather than using preconceived ideas about what you should do in a particular situation, you decide what works best at that time for that unique experience and student. The theoretical approach of reflection as a cyclical model was further developed by Gibbs . This model is based on a six-stage approach, leading from a description of the experience through to conclusions and considerations for future events. While most of the core principles are similar to Kolb’s, Gibbs’ model is broken down further to encourage the teacher to reflect on their own thoughts and feelings. Reflective practice develops your ability to understand how your students learn and the best ways to teach them. By reflecting on your teaching, you identify any barriers to learning that your students have.
Reflective writing has a different style to the academic writing you would use in other essays at university. In reflective writing it is how long should an essay be? common to use the first person – ‘I’ – when necessary. The workshop helped me have a better understanding of reflective commentaries.
Words and phrases for academic caution:
Evaluations require you to think back on the lesson, assessing its strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for development. In this section, the practitioner should clearly outline the experience. This needs to be a factual account of what happened in the classroom. Being reflective helps you challenge your own practice as you will justify decisions and rationalise choices you have made. I don’t think a diary, if it’s visceral and therefore real, can be reflective.
Educational researchers have long promoted the importance of reflecting on practice to support student learning and staff development. By working with other colleagues and students, relationships become positive and demonstrate mutual respect. All of these things together result in a productive working environment. By getting involved in the reflective process, you will create an environment https://www.visamoveis.com.br/what-is-a-bridge-statement-in-english-homework/ of partnership-working as you question and adapt both your own practice and that of your students and other colleagues. The learning process then becomes an active one as you are more aware of what you want your students to achieve, delivering results which can be shared throughout the institution. It encourages you to develop an understanding of different perspectives and viewpoints.
Different levels of reflective writing
Observations are when someone assesses your practice through watching it in action. These observations should have a very specific focus, for example the quality of questioning or the quality of student-led activities. This focus can then be specific, measured, reflected upon and revised to make https://demo.harpen.ir/2023/03/22/easy-steps-to-write-a-commentary-effectively/ sure your students make progress. All these approaches are explained in the ‘Next steps’ section and provide a guide of how to carry out reflective practice, using the following. As well as using a model of reflection, you can carry out other reflective activities to develop your practice.
The guidelines set out above are relevant to any critique, whatever the subject matter. Read the OpenLearn unit looking at reflection at work inWorking life and learning. After each lesson you record your thoughts and feelings regarding the lesson. Use the five Rs in the Checklist section to help focus your journal. Some practical ideas include changing the task from independent work to paired work, adding a scaffold to a challenging task, providing instructions step by step, and making activities time based. There are five main principles that will make sure you get the most out of your reflections − reacting, recording, reviewing, revising, reworking and reassessing. Being observed by colleagues will allow you to gain others’ perspectives into your practice and provide feedback and ideas on how to improve.
Download our reflective writing revision sheet
However, the main thing to remember, when doing such an assignment (in addition to striving to get a good grade!), is that you should be learning something about yourself from the process, and about your field of study. In the end, what your teacher wants to see is that you are reflecting upon your personal experiences, rather than just letting them pass you by, and that you are linking theory with practice, and gaining a deeper understanding of your experiences.
- Reflecting and composing a piece of self reflective writing is becoming an increasingly important element to any form of study or learning.
- Many students will be asked to include some form of reflection in an academic assignment, for example when relating a topic to their real life circumstances.
- However, the tasks were not seen as equally difficult by all team members.
- However, reflective writing at this level more often forms part of formative assessment, e.g. the student reflects on a draft before final submission, enabling them to build on reflective insights.
- You may be asked to structure your reflection according to a theoretical model.
- Identify which parts of your experience you are being asked to reflect on and use this as a guide to when to use the first person.
- Observations are when someone assesses your practice through watching it in action.
Much learning in popular music takes place collectively and is thus socially situated. Of course, reflective essays are likely to be much more in-depth than this, with your assignment perhaps specifying a particular number of words for the piece, such as 1,500 words, or 3000 words, for example. Thus, in this particular situation, you may come to the conclusion that, if they have the capacity to do so, the client should have more involvement in the decision-making process in respect of their care in the future. As such, these kinds of reflective practices can lead to profound changes in the way that you conduct your work, and in how you think about certain situations.